Association between Parkinson's disease and diabetes: Data from NEDICES study

Acta Neurol Scand. 2017 Dec;136(6):732-736. doi: 10.1111/ane.12793. Epub 2017 Jun 26.

Abstract

Background: Despite growing evidence showing an association between Parkinson's disease (PD) and diabetes, epidemiological studies have shown conflicting results.

Aims of the study: To evaluate the association between PD and diabetes and the impact of diabetes duration in this association in an elderly (≥65 years) Spanish population.

Methods: Data for this cross-sectional population-based analysis were obtained from NEDICES study. Subjects were identified from census list. Diagnosis of PD was confirmed by neurological examination. Diabetes was defined by self-report, being on antidiabetic medication or diagnosis on medical records. Logistic regression analysis adjusted by potential confounders was performed to estimate the association between both conditions and also after dividing patients into short-duration (<10 years) and long-duration (≥10 years) diabetes.

Results: A total of 4998 subjects were included (79 PD and 4919 controls). Univariate analysis did not show any association between prevalence of PD and diabetes (OR 1.89, 95% CI 0.90-3.98, P=.09), although subgroup analysis showed a positive association in those with long-duration diabetes (3.27, 95% CI 1.21-8.85, P=.02).

Conclusions: Diabetes duration might be an important factor in the association between PD and diabetes, and the risk might be limited to those with longer disease duration.

Keywords: Parkinson's disease; cross-sectional study; diabetes mellitus; neurodegeneration; neuroepidemiology.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Diabetes Mellitus / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parkinson Disease / epidemiology*
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors