Hippocampal connectivity has been widely described but connectivity specificities of hippocampal subfields and their changes in early AD are poorly known. The aim of this study was to highlight hippocampal subfield networks in healthy elderly (HE) and their changes in amnestic patients with mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Thirty-six HE and 27 aMCI patients underwent resting-state functional MRI scans. Specific intrinsic connectivity of bilateral CA1, SUB (subiculum), and CA2/3/4/DG was identified in HE (using seeds derived from manually delineation on high-resolution scans) and compared between HE and aMCI. Compared to the other subfields, CA1 was more strongly connected to the amygdala and occipital regions, CA2/3/4/DG to the left anterior cingulate cortex, temporal, and occipital regions, and SUB to the angular, precuneus, putamen, posterior cingulate, and frontal regions. aMCI patients showed reduced connectivity within the SUB network (with frontal and posterior cingulate regions). Our study highlighted for the first time three specific and distinct hippocampal subfield functional networks in HE, and their alterations in aMCI. These findings are important to understand AD specificities in both cognitive deficits and lesion topography, given the role of functional connectivity in these processes. Hum Brain Mapp 38:4922-4932, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Keywords: aMCI patients; hippocampal subfields; networks; resting-state functional connectivity.
© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.