Ganoderma lucidum targeting lung cancer signaling: A review

Tumour Biol. 2017 Jun;39(6):1010428317707437. doi: 10.1177/1010428317707437.

Abstract

Lung cancer causes huge mortality to population, and pharmaceutical companies require new drugs as an alternative either synthetic or natural targeting lung cancer. The conventional therapies cause side effects, and therefore, natural products are used as a therapeutic candidate in lung cancer. Chemical diversity among natural products highlights the impact of evolution and survival of fittest. One such neglected natural product is Ganoderma lucidum used for promoting health and longevity for a longer time. The major bioconstituents of G. lucidum are mainly terpenes, polysaccharides, and proteins, which were explored for various activities ranging from apoptosis to autophagy. The bioconstituents of G. lucidum activate plasma membrane receptors and initiate various downstream signaling leading to nuclear factor-κB, phosphoinositide 3-kinase, Akt, and mammalian target of rapamycin in cancer. The bioconstituents regulate the expression of various genes involved in cell cycle, immune response, apoptosis, and autophagy in lung cancer. This review highlights the inextricable role of G. lucidum and its bioconstituents in lung cancer signaling for the first time.

Keywords: Ganoderma lucidum; apoptosis; ganoderic acid; lung cancer; signaling.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Autophagy / drug effects
  • Cell Cycle / drug effects
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal / chemistry
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Lung Neoplasms / genetics
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • NF-kappa B / genetics
  • Oncogene Protein v-akt / genetics
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / genetics
  • Reishi / chemistry
  • Signal Transduction / genetics*

Substances

  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal
  • NF-kappa B
  • Oncogene Protein v-akt