A Mouse Model of Single and Repetitive Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

J Vis Exp. 2017 Jun 20;(124):55713. doi: 10.3791/55713.

Abstract

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) can result in the acute loss of brain function, including a period of confusion, a loss of consciousness (LOC), focal neurological deficits and even amnesia. Athletes participating in contact sports are at high risk of exposure to large number of mTBIs. In terms of the level of injury in a sporting athlete, a mTBI is defined as a mild injury that does not cause gross pathological changes, but does cause short-term neurological deficits that are spontaneously resolved. Despite previous attempts to model mTBI in mice and rats, many have reported gross adverse effects including skull fractures, intracerebral bleeding, axonal injury and neuronal cell death. Herein, we describe our highly reproducible animal model of mTBI that reproduces clinically relevant symptoms. This model uses a custom made pneumatic impactor device to deliver a closed-head trauma. This impact is made under precise velocity and deformation parameters, creating a reliable and reproducible model to examine the mechanisms that contribute to effects of single or repetitive concussive mTBI.

Publication types

  • Video-Audio Media

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Behavior, Animal* / physiology
  • Brain Concussion / pathology*
  • Brain Concussion / psychology*
  • Cognition* / physiology
  • Disease Models, Animal*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Neurologic Examination
  • Rats
  • Recovery of Function
  • Time Factors