Gastric plexiform fibromyxoma resected by endoscopic submucosal dissection after observation of chronological changes: A case report

World J Gastrointest Oncol. 2017 Jun 15;9(6):263-267. doi: 10.4251/wjgo.v9.i6.263.


A 66-year-old man was diagnosed with a gastric submucosal tumor. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) revealed an iso/hypoechoic mass in the third layer. No malignant cells were detected in a histological examination. Yearly follow-up endoscopy and EUS showed the slow growth of the tumor. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was performed and a glistening tumor was resected. The lesion showed a multinodular plexiform growth pattern consisting of spindle cells with an abundant fibromyxoid stroma that was rich in small vessels. The tumor was diagnosed as plexiform fibromyxoma (PF) by immunohistochemistry. Although difficulties are associated with reaching a diagnosis preoperatively, chronological changes on EUS may contribute to the diagnosis of PF. ESD may also be useful in the diagnosis and treatment of PF.

Keywords: Endoscopic submucosal dissection; Endoscopic ultrasound; Gastrointestinal stromal tumor; Plexiform angiomyxoid myofibroblastic tumor; Plexiform fibromyxoma.

Publication types

  • Case Reports