Correlates of Mono- and Dual-Victims of Cybergrooming and Cyberbullying: Evidence from Four Countries

Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2018 Feb;21(2):91-98. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2016.0733. Epub 2017 Jun 28.


Today's adolescents grow up using information and communication technologies as an integral part of their everyday life. This affords them with extensive opportunities, but also exposes them to online risks, such as cybergrooming and cyberbullying victimization. The aims of this study were to investigate correlates of cybergrooming and cyberbullying victimization and examine whether victims of both cybergrooming and cyberbullying (dual-cybervictims) show higher involvement in compulsive Internet use (CIU) and troubled offline behavior (TOB) compared to victims of either cybergrooming or cyberbullying (mono-cybervictims). The sample consisted of 2,042 Dutch, German, Thai, and U.S. adolescents (age = 11-17 years; M = 14.2; SD = 1.4). About every ninth adolescent (10.9 percent) reported either mono- or dual-cybervictimization. Second, both CIU and TOB were associated with all three types of cybervictimization, and finally, both CIU and TOB were more strongly linked to dual-cybervictimization than to both forms of mono-cybervictimization. These findings contribute to a better understanding of the associations between different forms of cybervictimization and psychological health and behavior problems among adolescents.

Keywords: adolescents; compulsive Internet use; cyberbullying; cybergrooming; cybervictimization; troubled offline behavior.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Bullying / statistics & numerical data*
  • Child
  • Child Abuse / psychology*
  • Compulsive Behavior / psychology*
  • Courtship / psychology*
  • Crime Victims / psychology*
  • Female
  • Germany
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • Male
  • Netherlands
  • Problem Behavior / psychology
  • Thailand
  • United States