Objectives: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (US) for confirming the tip location and placement of central venous catheters in adult patients.
Methods: A systematic review was performed using electronic databases, including MEDLINE, ClinicalTrials.gov, Cochrane, Embase, PubMed, and Scopus. Inclusion criteria were studies conducted on adult patients receiving an internal jugular or a subclavian central venous catheter in the emergency department or intensive care unit. Furthermore, the catheter tip location had to be checked with the use of the agitated saline contrast-enhanced US technique.
Results: A total of 2245 articles were screened by title and abstract. Seventeen articles were retrieved and assessed for the predefined inclusion criteria. Four articles and 1 abstract were used in the final analysis. Contrast-enhanced US showed pooled sensitivity of 72% (95% confidence interval, 44%-91%), pooled specificity of 100% (95% confidence interval, 99%-100%), a positive predictive value of 92.1%, and a negative predictive value of 98.5% compared with chest radiography for confirming the placement of central venous catheters.
Conclusions: In the setting of central venous catheter placement, postprocedural contrast-enhanced US imaging is a safe, efficient, and highly specific confirmatory test for the catheter tip location compared with chest radiography.
Keywords: catheter; critical care; emergency medicine; position; radiography; ultrasound.
© 2017 by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.