Effect of Temperature on Granulocyte and Monocyte Adsorption to Cellulose Acetate Beads

Ther Apher Dial. 2017 Jun;21(3):248-254. doi: 10.1111/1744-9987.12558.


Granulocyte and monocyte (GM) adsorptive apheresis (GMA) is an effective therapy for inflammatory disorders including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). During GMA, the blood of a patient with IBD passes through a column to contact cellulose acetate (CA) beads at a temperature below body temperature, likely close to room temperature. Here we investigated the effect of temperature on GM adsorption to CA beads in vitro. We incubated peripheral blood with and without CA beads at 5°C, 25°C, 37°C, and 43°C and calculated the ratios of adsorbed GMs. The ratios of adsorbed GMs increased as the temperature was raised. Additionally, we measured complement activation fragment concentrations. C3a and C5a concentrations also increased as the temperature was raised, and C5a concentrations had a positive correlation with the ratios of adsorbed GMs. These results suggest that warming the column during GMA might increase GM adsorption to CA beads, thereby enhancing the clinical efficacy of GMA.

Keywords: Adsorption; Complement; Granulocyte; Monocyte; Temperature.

MeSH terms

  • Adsorption
  • Blood Component Removal / methods*
  • Cellulose / analogs & derivatives*
  • Cellulose / chemistry
  • Granulocytes / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / therapy
  • Monocytes / metabolism*
  • Temperature


  • acetylcellulose
  • Cellulose