Background Non-invasive methods for assessing liver fibrosis are increasingly used as an alternative to liver biopsy. Recently, a score-based biochemical blood test (Coopscore©) was developed in a cohort of patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus, showing higher diagnostic performances than Fibrometer®, Fibrotest®, Hepascore® and Fibroscan™. Here, we assess its performance in patients co-infected with the human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis B virus. Methods Ninety-seven human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis B virus co-infected patients with liver biopsies were included from a previously described cohort. Histological fibrosis staging using METAVIR criteria was used as the reference. Coopscore©, Fibrotest®, Fibrometer®, Hepascore® and Zeng score were computed and compared with the Coopscore© using the Obuchowski index and area under the receiving operator characteristic curves. Results The distribution of liver fibrosis levels was as follows: F0-F1 ( n = 42), F2 ( n = 25), F3 ( n = 15) and F4 ( n = 15). The Obuchowski index was higher for Coopscore© (0.774) than Fibrometer® (0.668), Hepascore® (0.690) and Zeng scores (0.704) ( P < 0.05), reflecting a better ability to discriminate between fibrosis stages. Similarly, when predicting significant fibrosis (≥F2), the AUROC was significantly greater for the Coopscore© (0.836) than the Hepascore® (0.727) and Zeng scores (0.746), but not for the Fibrotest® (0.778, P = 0.14) or Fibrometer® (0.790, P = 0.19). The Coopscore© did not show a higher capacity than other scores to predict advanced fibrosis (≥F3) or cirrhosis (F4). Conclusions This study supports the diagnostic value of the Coospcore© in fibrosis staging among human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis B virus co-infected patients, especially to predict significant fibrosis.
Keywords: Coopscore©; HIV/HBV co-infection; fibrosis score; liver fibrosis.