The localization of several peptidases in the human kidney was investigated histochemically. The membrane-bound peptidases, aminopeptidase A (APA), aminopeptidase M, gamma-glutamyltransferase (gamma-GT) and dipeptidylpeptidase IV, were mainly demonstrable in the brush border of the proximal tubule. In addition, APA was found in the glomeruli, while gamma-GT was found in the basal labyrinth of the proximal tubule. The lysosomal peptidases, dipeptidylpeptidase I and cathepsin B, were most strongly concentrated in the different-sized lysosomes of the proximal tubule, but they were also found in the small lysosomes of the distal tubule. Dipeptidylpeptidase II showed only a weak reaction in lysosomes of the proximal tubule. It is concluded that, in comparison with other previously studied species, the human kidney has a well-developed equipment with membrane-bound and lysosomal peptidases.