Prevalence and Predictors of Prenatal and Postpartum Contraceptive Counseling in Two Texas Cities

Womens Health Issues. 2017 Nov-Dec;27(6):707-714. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2017.05.004. Epub 2017 Jun 27.


Objectives: We investigated the prevalence of and sociodemographic associations with receiving prenatal and postpartum contraceptive counseling, including counseling on intrauterine devices (IUDs) and implants.

Methods: We used data from a prospective cohort study of 803 postpartum women in El Paso and Austin, Texas. We examined the prevalence of prenatal and postpartum counseling, provider discouragement of IUDs and implants, and associated sociodemographic characteristics using χ2 tests and logistic regression.

Results: One-half of participants had received any prenatal contraceptive counseling, and 13% and 37% received counseling on both IUDs and implants prenatally and postpartum, respectively. Women with more children were more likely to receive any contraceptive counseling prenatally (odds ratio [OR], 1.99; p < .01). Privately insured women (OR, 0.53; p < .05) had a lower odds of receiving prenatal counseling on IUDs and implants than publicly insured women. Higher education (OR, 2.16; p < .05) and attending a private practice (OR, 2.16; p < .05) were associated with receiving any postpartum counseling. Older age (OR, 0.61; p < .05) was negatively associated with receiving postpartum counseling about IUDs and implants and a family income of $10,000 to $19,000 (OR, 2.21; p < .01) was positively associated. Approximately 20% of women receiving prenatal counseling and 10% receiving postpartum counseling on IUDs and implants were discouraged from using them. The most common reason providers restricted use of these methods was inaccurate medical advice.

Conclusions: Prenatal and postpartum counseling, particularly about IUDs and implants, was infrequent and varied by sociodemographics. Providers should implement evidence-based prenatal and postpartum contraceptive counseling to ensure women can make informed choices and access their preferred method of postpartum contraception.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Child
  • Cities
  • Contraception / methods
  • Contraception / statistics & numerical data*
  • Contraception Behavior / statistics & numerical data*
  • Contraceptive Agents
  • Counseling / statistics & numerical data*
  • Family Planning Services / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intrauterine Devices / statistics & numerical data
  • Odds Ratio
  • Postnatal Care / methods
  • Postnatal Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Postpartum Period
  • Prenatal Care / methods
  • Prenatal Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Prevalence
  • Prospective Studies
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Texas
  • Young Adult


  • Contraceptive Agents