Hospital Volume and the Costs Associated with Surgery for Pancreatic Cancer

J Gastrointest Surg. 2017 Sep;21(9):1411-1419. doi: 10.1007/s11605-017-3479-x. Epub 2017 Jun 29.

Abstract

Background: Data evaluating the financial implications of volume-based referral are lacking. This study sought to compare in-hospital costs for pancreatic surgery by annual hospital volume.

Methods: Eleven thousand and eighty-one patients aged ≥18 years undergoing an elective pancreatic resection for cancer were identified using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample 2002-2011. Multivariable regression analysis was performed to compare length-of-stay (LOS), postoperative morbidity and mortality, failure-to-rescue (FTR), and inpatient costs by annual hospital volume group.

Results: Patients undergoing surgery at high-volume hospitals (HVH) demonstrated 23% lower odds (odds ratio [OR] = 0.77, 95% confidence interval [95%CI] 0.63-0.95) of developing a postoperative complication, 59% lower odds of experiencing an LOS > 14 days (OR = 0.41, 95%CI 0.34-0.50), 51% lower odds of postoperative mortality (OR = 0.49, 95%CI 0.34-0.71), and 47% lower odds of FTR (OR = 0.53, 95%CI 0.37-0.76; all p<0.05). The overall mean in-hospital cost was $39,012 (SD = $15,214) with minimal differences observed across hospital volume groups. Rather, postoperative complications (no complication vs. complication $26,686 [SD = $5762] vs. $44,633 [SD = $11,637]) and FTR (rescue vs. FTR $42,413 [SD = $8481] vs. $69,546 [SD = $13,131]) were determinant of higher in-hospital costs. While this pattern was observed at all hospital volume groups, costs varied minimally between hospital volume groups after this stratification.

Conclusions: Annual hospital surgical volume was not associated with in-hospital costs among patients undergoing pancreatic surgery.

Keywords: Cost; Pancreas; Selective-referral; Volume-outcome.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Elective Surgical Procedures / adverse effects
  • Failure to Rescue, Health Care / economics*
  • Failure to Rescue, Health Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Hospital Costs / statistics & numerical data*
  • Hospitals, High-Volume / statistics & numerical data*
  • Hospitals, Low-Volume / economics
  • Hospitals, Low-Volume / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay / economics
  • Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pancreatectomy / adverse effects
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / economics*
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / surgery
  • Postoperative Complications / economics*
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology