A procedure to detect biotinyl proteins after fractionation by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was developed. Proteins were immobilized on nitrocellulose and biotin-containing proteins were detected by probing with 125I-streptavidin. Using this procedure a small survey of biotinyl protein in plants was undertaken. In total four biotin-containing proteins were detected in higher plants of molecular weights 62,000, 50,000, 34,000, and 31,000. These biotinyl proteins were not ubiquitous in the plants surveyed. In the cyanobacterium Anabeana variabilis, a single biotin-containing protein of 21,000 Da was detected. In isolated spinach chloroplasts, the two biotinyl proteins detected were soluble. The results are discussed in relation to acetyl-CoA carboxylase.