Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2017;1615:473-487.
doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-7033-9_33.

Effector Translocation: Cya Reporter Assay


Effector Translocation: Cya Reporter Assay

Suma Chakravarthy et al. Methods Mol Biol. .


An accurate and complete roster of the Type III effector (T3E) proteins translocated by the P. syringae Type III secretion system (T3SS) into host cells is critical to understanding the pathogen's interactions with plants. The adenylate cyclase (Cya) reporter offers a highly sensitive and robust assay for monitoring the translocation of T3Es. T3Es are fused to the calmodulin-dependent adenylate-cyclase domain of CyaA. The T3E targets Cya for translocation through the T3SS into the host cell at which point it is activated by calmodulin and converts adenosine triphosphate into cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). The T3SS translocation-dependent increase in cAMP concentration in plant cells is then measured with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. The Cya reporter can be used to determine whether a candidate protein is translocated by T3SS or to measure relative levels of T3SS translocation in a semiquantitative manner.

Keywords: Adenylate cyclase; Calmodulin; ELISA; Pseudomonas syringae; Translocation reporter; Type III secretion system; Type III translocation; cAMP.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 3 articles

Publication types

MeSH terms

LinkOut - more resources