Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, to struggle with the strangle: Oxygen availability in fatty livers

Redox Biol. 2017 Oct;13:386-392. doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2017.06.008. Epub 2017 Jun 22.

Abstract

Nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD) is one of the most common chronic liver disease in Western countries. Oxygen is a central component of the cellular microenvironment, which participate in the regulation of cell survival, differentiation, functions and energy metabolism. Accordingly, sufficient oxygen supply is an important factor for tissue durability, mainly in highly metabolic tissues, such as the liver. Accumulating evidence from the past few decades provides strong support for the existence of interruptions in oxygen availability in fatty livers. This outcome may be the consequence of both, impaired systemic microcirculation and cellular membrane modifications which occur under steatotic conditions. This review summarizes current knowledge regarding the main factors which can affect oxygen supply in fatty liver.

Keywords: Fatty liver; Inflammation; Nitric oxide; Oxygen.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Liver / blood supply
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Liver / pathology
  • Nitric Oxide / metabolism
  • Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease / epidemiology
  • Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease / metabolism*
  • Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease / pathology
  • Oxygen / metabolism*
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / epidemiology*

Substances

  • Nitric Oxide
  • Oxygen