Combination of hydroxyapatite, platelet rich fibrin and amnion membrane as a novel therapeutic option in regenerative periapical endodontic surgery: Case series

Int J Surg Case Rep. 2017:37:139-144. doi: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2017.06.009. Epub 2017 Jun 15.

Abstract

Introduction: Periapical surgery is the last resort in the arsenal of an endodontist to effectively deal with periapical lesions that result from necrosis of the pulp. Bone grafts, growth factors and membranes form an array of regenerative materials that influence the healing outcome of periapical surgery.

Presentation of case: The main purpose of the two cases reported here was to assess the potential benefits of a combination of bone graft, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and amnion membrane in terms of reduced post-operative discomfort, radiographic evidence of accelerated periapical bone healing and present a novel therapeutic option in the management of large periapical lesions. Two cases of radicular cysts were treated through a combined regenerative approachof Bio-Gen mix®, PRF and amnion membrane. The patients were assessed for discomfort immediate post-operatively and after a week. The patients were recalled every month for the next 6 months for radiographic assessment of the periapical healing.

Discussion: Literature is replete with articles that have substantiated the role of demineralized bone matrix comprising a mixture of cancellous and cortical bone graft particles in enhancing regeneration. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no evidence related to the application of a human placental membrane in periapical surgery. Hence, the rationale of using a combined approach of Bio-Gen mix®, PRF and amnion membrane was to combine the individual advantages of these materials to enhance clinical and radiographic healing outcomes. Our present case reports provide an insight into this novel therapeutic option.

Conclusion: The results of this case seriessubstantiatesthe credibility of using a combination ofamnion membrane with a bone graft and PRF to enhance radiographic healing outcome with decreased post-operative discomfort and present a viable regenerative treatment modality in periapical surgery.

Keywords: Amnion membrane; Bone graft; Guided tissue regeneration (GTR); Periapical surgery; Platelet rich- plasma (PRP); Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF); Visual analog Scale(VAS).