Increasing family planning in Myanmar: the role of the private sector and social franchise programs

BMC Womens Health. 2017 Jul 1;17(1):46. doi: 10.1186/s12905-017-0400-4.


Background: This study examines the influence of clinical social franchise program on modern contraceptive use.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey of contraceptive use among 2390 currently married women across 25 townships in Myanmar in 2014. Social franchise program measures were from programmatic records.

Results: Multivariable models show that women who lived in communities with at least 1-5 years of a clinical social franchise intrauterine device (IUD) program had 4.770 higher odds of using a modern contraceptive method compared to women living in communities with no IUD program [CI: 3.739-6.084]. Townships where the reproductive health program had existed for at least 10 years had 1.428 higher odds of reporting modern method use compared to women living in townships where the programs had existed for less than 10 years [CI: 1.016-2.008].

Conclusions: This study found consistent and robust evidence for an increase in family planning methods over program duration as well as intensity of social franchise programs.

Keywords: Family planning; Myanmar; Private sector; Social franchise program.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Contraception / methods
  • Contraception / statistics & numerical data
  • Contraception Behavior / statistics & numerical data*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Family Planning Services / methods
  • Family Planning Services / organization & administration
  • Family Planning Services / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intrauterine Devices / statistics & numerical data
  • Middle Aged
  • Myanmar
  • Private Sector*
  • Program Evaluation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Spouses / statistics & numerical data*
  • Young Adult