MR Imaging of Vulvar and Vaginal Cancer

Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2017 Aug;25(3):481-502. doi: 10.1016/j.mric.2017.03.013. Epub 2017 May 27.


Vulvar and vaginal cancer are uncommon gynecologic malignancies, most frequently diagnosed clinically. MR imaging is a powerful tool for local staging of these tumors and to detect posttreatment complications and recurrent disease. This review presents anatomic delineation of the female pelvis, pathology and staging of vulvar and vaginal cancer, MR imaging techniques of the pelvis, MR features of vulvar and vaginal cancer, and the differential diagnosis of potential mimickers.

Keywords: Body MR imaging; Female pelvic MR imaging; MR imaging; Vaginal cancer; Vulvar cancer.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Vagina / diagnostic imaging
  • Vaginal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Vulva / diagnostic imaging
  • Vulvar Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*