There are many ovarian cancer subtypes, giving rise to a range of appearances at gross pathology and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Certain fundamental concepts at MR, arising from underlying tissue characteristics, can provide guidance to radiologists in suggesting a diagnosis. The ability of multiparametric MR to risk stratify ovarian masses can contribute substantially to clinical decision making and patient management.
Keywords: Epithelial ovarian neoplasms; Magnetic resonance imaging; Ovarian cyst; Ovarian germ cell tumor; Ovarian neoplasm; Serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC); Sex cord–stromal tumors.
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