MR Imaging-Pathologic Correlation in Ovarian Cancer

Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2017 Aug;25(3):545-562. doi: 10.1016/j.mric.2017.03.004. Epub 2017 Apr 29.


There are many ovarian cancer subtypes, giving rise to a range of appearances at gross pathology and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Certain fundamental concepts at MR, arising from underlying tissue characteristics, can provide guidance to radiologists in suggesting a diagnosis. The ability of multiparametric MR to risk stratify ovarian masses can contribute substantially to clinical decision making and patient management.

Keywords: Epithelial ovarian neoplasms; Magnetic resonance imaging; Ovarian cyst; Ovarian germ cell tumor; Ovarian neoplasm; Serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC); Sex cord–stromal tumors.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Ovary / diagnostic imaging
  • Ovary / pathology