Background: As the U.S. healthcare payment system shifts from volume to value, identifying care approaches that improve outcomes while lowering costs are essential. We sought to understand the utility of home infusion versus medical-setting infusion as a mechanism to affect the three-part aim: better care, better health outcomes, and lower costs.
Study design: Systematic review.
Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Science Citation Index for articles related to the safety, clinical effectiveness, quality of life and satisfaction, and/or costs of home infusion as compared with infusion in an outpatient medical facility or hospital.
Results: Of 253 potentially relevant articles, 13 met all inclusion criteria. Study design, disease state, and outcomes varied considerably. As compared to medical setting infusion patients, home infusion patients were no more likely to experience adverse drug events or side effects (all p>0.05). Clinical outcomes were as good or better, e.g., for patients with hemophilia, a 40% (0.50-0.70) reduced likelihood of hospitalization for bleeding complications. Patients overwhelmingly preferred home infusion, reporting significantly better physical and mental well being and less disruption of family and personal responsibilities. Home infusion costs were significantly lower than medical setting infusion costs, with savings between $1928 and $2974 per treatment course.
Conclusions: Home infusion care can provide safe, clinically effective care improve patients' quality of life and reduce healthcare costs. As the overhaul of the healthcare payment system gains momentum, the home infusion care delivery model offers strong promise as one in a set of approaches that can improve care and lower costs.
Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.