Background: Obesity-induced hypertension (OIH) has a high morbidity and mortality, and its prevention and treatment has been a major challenge in clinical practice. Chemerin is a newly discovered adipokine closely related to OIH.
Methods: Male Wistar rats (8W) were divided into either a high-fat diet or a regular diet group. Body weight and blood pressure were measured every two weeks. After 20 weeks, serum, adipose tissue and aortic arteries were collected. Arterial tensions were detected; Immunohistochemistry, ELISA and Western blotting were used to detect the expression of chemerin, CMKLR1, Rock2 and P-MYPT1 in the aorta and perivascular adipose tissues.
Results: After 4 weeks, the body weight, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure were all significantly higher in the high-fat diet group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in serum chemerin concentration between the OIH group and the control group. However, chemerin and CMKLR1 protein expression was higher in aortic arteries and perivascular adipose tissues of the OIH group (P<0.05). The arterial tension induced by chemerin 9 (1 μM) and the expression of Rock2 and P-MYPT1 were higher in the OIH group (P<0.05).
Conclusion: OIH positively correlated with chemerin in tissues but not serum. Arterial tension was increased by chemerin 9. Rock2/P-MYPT1 might be involved in the pathogenesis of increased vascular tone in OIH rats.
Keywords: CMKLR1; Obesity-induced hypertension; chemerin.