Attitude of the Saudi community towards heart donation, transplantation, and artificial hearts

Saudi Med J. 2017 Jul;38(7):742-747. doi: 10.15537/smj.2017.7.18178.

Abstract

To understand the attitudes of the Saudi population towards heart donation and transplantation. Methods: A survey using a questionnaire addressing attitudes towards organ transplantation and donation was conducted across 18 cities in Saudi Arabia between September 2015 and March 2016. Results: A total of 1250 respondents participated in the survey. Of these, approximately 91% agree with the concept of organ transplantation but approximately 17% do not agree with the concept of heart transplantation; 42.4% of whom reject heart transplants for religious reasons. Only 43.6% of respondents expressed a willingness to donate their heart and approximately 58% would consent to the donation of a relative's organ after death. A total of 59.7% of respondents believe that organ donation is regulated and 31.8% fear that the doctors will not try hard enough to save their lives if they consent to organ donation. Approximately 77% believe the heart is removed while the donor is alive; although, the same proportion of respondents thought they knew what brain death meant. Conclusion: In general, the Saudi population seem to accept the concept of transplantation and are willing to donate, but still hold some reservations towards heart donation.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude to Health*
  • Female
  • Heart Transplantation*
  • Heart, Artificial*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement*
  • Young Adult