The Arp2/3 complex binding protein HS1 is required for efficient dendritic cell random migration and force generation

Integr Biol (Camb). 2017 Aug 14;9(8):695-708. doi: 10.1039/c7ib00070g.


Dendritic cell migration to the T-cell-rich areas of the lymph node is essential for their ability to initiate the adaptive immune response. While it has been shown that the actin cytoskeleton is required for normal DC migration, the role of many of the individual cytoskeletal molecules is poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the contribution of the Arp2/3 complex binding protein, haematopoietic lineage cell-specific protein 1 (HS1), to DC migration and force generation. We quantified the random migration of HS1-/- DCs on 2D micro-contact printed surfaces and found that in the absence of HS1, DCs have greatly reduced motility and speed. This same reduction in motility was recapitulated when adding Arp2/3 complex inhibitor to WT DCs or using DCs deficient in WASP, an activator of Arp2/3 complex-dependent actin polymerization. We further investigated the importance of HS1 by measuring the traction forces of HS1-/- DCs on micropost array detectors (mPADs). In HS1 deficient DCs, there was a significant reduction in force generation (3.96 ± 0.40 nN per cell) compared to WT DCs (13.76 ± 0.84 nN per cell). Interestingly, the forces generated in DCs lacking WASP were only slightly reduced compared to WT DCs. Taken together, these findings show that HS1 and Arp2/3 complex-mediated actin polymerization are essential for the most efficient DC random migration and force generation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Actin-Related Protein 2-3 Complex / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Actin-Related Protein 2-3 Complex / physiology*
  • Actins / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Bioengineering
  • Biophysical Phenomena
  • Cell Movement / drug effects
  • Cell Movement / physiology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dendritic Cells / immunology
  • Dendritic Cells / physiology*
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / deficiency
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / genetics
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / physiology*
  • Indoles / pharmacology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein / deficiency
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein / genetics
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein / physiology


  • Actin-Related Protein 2-3 Complex
  • Actins
  • CK-0944666
  • Indoles
  • Was protein, mouse
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein
  • hematopoietic lineage cell-specific protein 1, mouse
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor