Transglutaminase-sensitive glutamine residues of human plasma fibronectin revealed by studying its proteolytic fragments

Eur J Biochem. 1986 Jan 15;154(2):371-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1986.tb09407.x.


The sites of transglutamination of fibronectin and fibronectin fragments, by coagulation factor XIIIa and tissue transglutaminase, were studied. It was shown that the intact fibronectin molecule has two sites sensitive to coagulation factor XIIIa and four sites sensitive to tissue transglutaminase: 180--190-kDa gelatin/heparin-binding fragments, 2 and 5--6 sites; 29-kDa heparin-I/fibrin-I-binding N-terminal fragments, 1 and 2 sites; 70-kDa gelatin-binding fragments, 0 and 1 site; 60-kDa cell-binding central fragments, 1 and 3--4 sites; 60-kDa, 45-kDa, 30-kDa heparin-II-binding C-terminal fragments, 1 and 2 sites. Thus, we have found a new coagulation-factor-XIIIa-sensitive site localized in the cell-binding central fragment, inaccessible to enzyme in the intact fibronectin molecule. Tissue transglutaminase appeared to interact with all of the three coagulation-factor-XIIIa-sensitive sites and, in addition, some others which are either available on the intact molecule or can be revealed only in proteolytic fragments of the fibronectin. We suggest that interdomain and intersubunit interactions in the intact fibronectin molecule account for the masking of glutamine residues potentially accessible to transglutaminases.

MeSH terms

  • Binding Sites
  • Catalysis
  • Chemical Phenomena
  • Chemistry
  • Chromatography, Affinity
  • Factor XIII / metabolism
  • Fibronectins / blood*
  • Glutamine / analysis
  • Humans
  • Peptide Fragments / analysis
  • Transglutaminases / blood*
  • Trypsin


  • Fibronectins
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Glutamine
  • Factor XIII
  • Transglutaminases
  • Trypsin