Effect of Two Different Doses of Vitamin D Supplementation on Metabolic Profiles of Insulin-Resistant Patients with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

Horm Metab Res. 2017 Aug;49(8):612-617. doi: 10.1055/s-0043-112346. Epub 2017 Jul 5.


The current study was conducted to evaluate the effects of 2 different doses of vitamin D supplementation on metabolic profiles of insulin-resistant patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed on 90 insulin-resistant patients with PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria aged 18-40 years old. Participants were randomly allocated into 3 groups to receive either 4 000 IU of vitamin D (n=30) or 1 000 IU of vitamin D (n=30) or placebo (n=30) per day for 12 weeks. Vitamin D supplementation (4 000 IU), compared with vitamin D (1 000 IU) and placebo, led to reduced fasting plasma glucose (-4.3±8.6 vs. -4.7±7.1 and +0.1±6.7 mg/dl, respectively, p=0.02), serum insulin concentrations (-2.7±2.7 vs. -1.4±4.2 and -0.1±4.1 μIU/ml, respectively, p=0.02), and HOMA-IR (-0.6±0.6 vs. -0.4±1.0 and -0.1±0.9, respectively, p=0.02). In addition, we found significant decreases in mean change of serum triglycerides (-10.3±7.3 vs. -3.6±14.5 and +6.9±23.8 mg/dl, respectively, p=0.001), VLDL- (-2.0±1.5 vs. -0.7±2.9 and +1.4±4.8 mg/dl, respectively, p=0.001), total- (-14.0±9.5 vs. -6.2±24.0 and +7.1±29.7 mg/dl, respectively, p=0.002), LDL- (-10.8±8.3 vs. -5.7±21.9 and +6.8±28.2 mg/dl, respectively, p=0.005), and total-/HDL-cholesterol ratio (-0.2±0.3 vs. -0.1±0.6 and +0.2±0.7 mg/dl, respectively, p=0.003) in the high-dose vitamin D group compared with low-dose vitamin D and placebo groups. Overall, vitamin D supplementation at a dosage of 4 000 IU/day for 12 weeks in insulin-resistant patients with PCOS had beneficial effects of glucose metabolism and lipid profiles compared with 1 000 IU/day of vitamin D and placebo groups.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Insulin Resistance*
  • Lipoproteins, VLDL / blood*
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome* / blood
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome* / drug therapy
  • Vitamin D / administration & dosage*


  • Lipoproteins, VLDL
  • Vitamin D