[CKD-MBD, cardiovascular involvement and prognosis]

G Ital Nefrol. 2017 Mar;34(Suppl 69):150-161.
[Article in Italian]


Chronic low-grade inflammation is emerging as the pathophysiological mechanism underlying of the several chronic degenerative diseases. Atherosclerosis, inflammation and oxidative stress are some of the issues that arise from the general context of chronic inflammation. In this manuscript we analyzed the role of the immune system, metabolism and inflammation's molecular mediators in order to show an overview about only apparently different problems. Finally, we proposed some possible solutions to improve the survival and quality of life of patient with chronic kidney disease.

Keywords: CKD-MBD treatment; calcium and phosphate balance; parathyroid hormone; vitamin D.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder / complications*
  • Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder / drug therapy
  • Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Phosphorus / metabolism
  • Prognosis


  • Phosphorus