Effects of alpha-adrenergic and beta-adrenergic receptor blockade on lipid metabolism

Am J Med. 1986 Feb 14;80(2A):104-8. doi: 10.1016/0002-9343(86)90168-3.

Abstract

The role of lipoprotein lipase in the pathophysiology of lipid changes during alpha-receptor or beta-receptor blockade was evaluated in this clinical trial. Thirty hypertensive patients were given 2 mg of prazosin twice daily or 100 mg of metoprolol twice daily for 10 weeks, according to an open, randomized protocol. Both drugs were effective in reducing arterial blood pressure (from 153 +/- 16/102 +/- 6 mm Hg to 146 +/- 12/92 +/- 8 mm Hg with prazosin and from 158 +/- 17/103 +/- 8 to 144 +/- 14/94 +/- 10 mm Hg with metoprolol). Prazosin significantly reduced total plasma cholesterol from 202 +/- 39 to 188 +/- 36 mg/dl and increased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol from 36 +/- 8 to 40.5 +/- 11 mg/dl. Prazosin did not affect plasma triglycerides levels, whereas patients taking metoprolol had a slight rise in these levels, from 122 +/- 42 to 142 +/- 57 mg/dl, along with a decrease in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol from 37 +/- 10 to 31 +/- 8 mg/dl. The concentration of apoprotein B did not change significantly with either treatment. Lipoprotein lipase activity increased in the prazosin group from 28.4 +/- 16 to 37.7 +/- 14 mumol/liter per minute (p less than 0.01), but did not change significantly (29.9 +/- 12 versus 32.8 +/- 8 mumol/liter per minute) in patients treated with the beta blocker. These data, which confirm previous reports of serum lipid changes during antihypertensive therapy, suggest that alpha1 blockers may interfere with lipoprotein lipase, possibly by reducing its catecholamine-mediated inactivation.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists / pharmacology*
  • Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists / therapeutic use
  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / pharmacology*
  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / therapeutic use
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Apolipoproteins B / metabolism
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Cholesterol / metabolism
  • Cholesterol, HDL / metabolism
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Female
  • Heart Rate / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / drug therapy*
  • Lipid Metabolism*
  • Lipoprotein Lipase / metabolism
  • Male
  • Metoprolol / pharmacology
  • Metoprolol / therapeutic use
  • Middle Aged
  • Prazosin / pharmacology
  • Prazosin / therapeutic use
  • Random Allocation
  • Triglycerides / blood
  • Triglycerides / metabolism

Substances

  • Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists
  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
  • Apolipoproteins B
  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Triglycerides
  • Cholesterol
  • Lipoprotein Lipase
  • Metoprolol
  • Prazosin