Several studies have reported an impact of adult hematopoietic stem cell donor cytomegalovirus (CMV) serostatus on allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation outcomes. Limited data, however, are available on the impact of cord blood unit (CBU) CMV serostatus on allogeneic umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) outcomes. We analyzed, retrospectively, the impact of CBU CMV serostatus on relapse incidence (RI) and 2-year nonrelapse mortality (NRM) of single-unit CBU transplantation for acute leukemia. Data from 1177 de novo acute leukemia pediatric and adult patients transplanted within European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation centers between 2000 and 2012 were analyzed. CBUs were provided by the European Cord Blood Banks. The median follow-up time for live patients was 59.9 months. The recipients of CMV-seropositive and -seronegative CBUs showed a comparable RI (33% versus 35%, respectively, P = .6) and 2-year cumulative incidence of NRM (31% versus 32%, respectively, P = .5). We conclude that CBU CMV serostatus did not influence RI and NRM in de novo acute leukemia patients after allo-UCBT and should not be included as a criteria for cord blood choice.
Keywords: Acute leukemia; Cytomegalovirus; Umbilical cord blood transplantation.
Copyright © 2017 The American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.