Aim: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is routinely used to treat selected patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis, but can be associated with prolonged hospital stay, significant morbidity and mortality. Our objective was to assess whether patients undergoing gastrectomy as part of CRS/HIPEC were at increased risk of delayed feeding time and prolonged hospital stay.
Methods: Two hundred and fourteen consecutive patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis treated with CRS/HIPEC between 2001 and 2016 were stratified by whether CRS included gastrectomy (n = 19, 9%) and compared. Primary outcomes were time to full feeds and rate of serious morbidity (Clavien-Dindo grades III-V). Secondary outcomes were durations of ICU and hospital stays.
Results: Of 214 patients undergoing CRS/HIPEC, those undergoing gastrectomy (19, 8.9%) had increased time to full feeds (8 vs. 5 days, p < 0.01), and duration of ICU (2 vs. 1 days, p < 0.01) and total hospital stays (16 vs. 14 days, p = 0.013). There was no significant increase in serious complications, although increased risk of pneumonia was noted (21% vs. 4.1%, p = 0.011). Undergoing gastrectomy was not independently prognostic in multivariable analysis including high peritoneal tumour load (PCI >12), multiple CRS procedures (number >2) and operation duration (>480 min) in which operative duration remained independently prognostic (p < 0.01).
Conclusions: After surgery, early oral refeeding may be beneficial in the majority of patients undergoing CRS/HIPEC. However, patients found to have high peritoneal tumour load with extended surgery and those who underwent gastrectomy should be considered for early post-operative TPN due to the significant risk of delayed time to full feeds.
Keywords: Regional perfusion cancer chemotherapy; cytoreduction surgical procedures; enteral nutrition; gastrectomy; peritoneal neoplasms.