Mild Cognitive Impairment

Clin Geriatr Med. 2017 Aug;33(3):325-337. doi: 10.1016/j.cger.2017.02.005. Epub 2017 May 17.


Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) occurs along a continuum from normal cognition to dementia. A roadblock to earlier diagnosis and potential treatment is the lack of consistency with screening for MCI. Universal screening would be ideal, but is limited. Once a diagnosis of MCI is made, it is important for the clinician to evaluate for reversible causes. At present time, there are no pharmacologic treatments proven to slow or cure progression of MCI to dementia; nonetheless, there is evidence that lifestyle modifications including diet, exercise, and cognitive stimulation may be effective.

Keywords: Cognitive decline; Early dementia; MCI; Memory impairment; Mild cognitive impairment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aging / psychology*
  • Cognitive Dysfunction* / diagnosis
  • Cognitive Dysfunction* / etiology
  • Cognitive Dysfunction* / prevention & control
  • Cognitive Dysfunction* / psychology
  • Humans
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Risk Reduction Behavior