Different designs of total knee replacements (TKRs) aim to enhance the satisfaction of the patients by providing close to normal kinematics. In the surface-guided TKRs, the guidance of the motion in a normal pattern should be achieved through specially shaped articulating geometries. This study used virtual simulation along with a load-controlled knee wear simulator to evaluate the kinematic performance of a customized surface-guided TKR under weight-bearing conditions of lunging and squatting activities. The outcome pattern of TKR motion almost agreed with the predefined design target. The tibial insert rotated internally through a maximum angle of 10.6° and 19.94° for the experimentally simulated lunging and squatting cycles, respectively. This rotation occurred around a medial center, as indicated by a small amount of posterior translation of the medial condyle (maximum of 2.5mm and 6.4mm for lunging and squatting) versus the posterior translation of the lateral condyle (maximum of 12mm and 24.2mm for lunging and squatting). The contact forces mainly provided the guidance of the motion at the tibiofemoral articulating surfaces.The normalized root mean square error between outcomes of the virtual simulations and tests for the angle of internal-external rotation of the tibial insert was less than 8% for one cycle of lunging and squatting. These measures confirm the validity of the virtual simulation for future evaluations of the customized surface-guided TKRs.
Keywords: Kinematics simulation; Knee simulator; Load-control; Surface-guided; Total knee replacement.
Copyright © 2017 IPEM. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.