Two studies were conducted to evaluate the clinical efficacy of intensive social skills training in medicated schizophrenic inpatients at risk for relapse. In study 1, three patients were treated; two showed reductions in psychopathology and rehospitalization and improved social functioning 9 months following discharge. In study 2, social skills training was compared with holistic health treatment in 28 patients. Both groups showed reduced psychopathology 2 years after discharge; patients treated with social skills training had better social functioning, spent less time hospitalized, and had fewer symptomatic relapses. The results support the utility of social skills training as a psychosocial treatment for schizophrenia.