Household costs for personal protection against mosquitoes: secondary outcomes from a randomised controlled trial of dengue prevention in Guerrero state, Mexico

BMC Public Health. 2017 May 30;17(Suppl 1):399. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4303-y.


Background: Dengue is a serious public health issue that affects households in endemic areas in terms of health and also economically, imposing costs for prevention and treatment of cases. The Camino Verde cluster-randomised controlled trial in Mexico and Nicaragua assessed the impact of evidence-based community engagement in dengue prevention. The Mexican arm of the trial was conducted in 90 randomly selected communities in three coastal regions of Guerrero State. This study reports an analysis of a secondary outcome of the trial: household use of and expenditure on anti-mosquito products. We examined whether the education and mobilisation activities of the trial motivated people to spend less on anti-mosquito products.

Methods: We carried out a household questionnaire survey in the trial communities in 2010 (12,312 households) and 2012 (5349 households in intervention clusters, 5142 households in control clusters), including questions about socio-economic status, self-reported dengue illness, and purchase of and expenditure on insecticide anti-mosquito products in the previous month. We examined expenditures on anti-mosquito products at baseline in relation to social vulnerability and we compared use of and expenditures on these products between intervention and control clusters in 2012.

Results: In 2010, 44.2% of 12,312 households reported using anti-mosquito products, with a mean expenditure of USD4.61 per month among those who used them. Socially vulnerable households spent less on the products. In 2012, after the intervention, the proportion of households who purchased anti-mosquito products in the last month was significantly lower in intervention clusters (47.8%; 2503/5293) than in control clusters (53.3%; 2707/5079) (difference - 0.05, 95% CIca -0.100 to -0.010). The mean expenditure on the products, among those households who bought them, was USD6.43; 30.4% in the intervention clusters and 36.7% in the control clusters spent more than this (difference - 0.06, 95% CIca -0.12 to -0.01). These expenditures on anti-mosquito products represent 3.3% and 3.8% respectively of monthly household income for the poorest 10% of the population in 2012.

Conclusions: The Camino Verde community mobilisation intervention, as well as being effective in reducing dengue infections, was effective in reducing household use of and expenditure on insecticide anti-mosquito products.

Trial registration: ( ISRCTN27581154 ).

Keywords: Dengue prevention; Insecticide anti-mosquito products; Personal protection costs.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Costs and Cost Analysis*
  • Culicidae*
  • Dengue / epidemiology
  • Dengue / prevention & control*
  • Family Characteristics
  • Female
  • Health Education
  • Health Expenditures*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Income
  • Insect Vectors
  • Insecticides / economics*
  • Male
  • Mexico
  • Mosquito Control / economics
  • Mosquito Control / methods*
  • Poverty
  • Residence Characteristics*
  • Social Class
  • Surveys and Questionnaires


  • Insecticides

Associated data

  • ISRCTN/ISRCTN27581154