Regulation of tyrosine hydroxylase-containing amacrine cell number in larval frog retina

Dev Biol. 1986 Apr;114(2):463-9. doi: 10.1016/0012-1606(86)90210-1.


To determine whether production of new neurons of a particular type is regulated by the presence of previously differentiated neurons of the same type, we ablated all tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactive (THIR) cells from larval frog retina with the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine, and examined the retinas in subsequent weeks for newly generated THIR neurons. Three weeks after neurotoxin administration, new THIR cells appeared near the zone of neural proliferation at the ciliary margin at a higher density than that of normal retina, while the densities of other amacrine cell types, serotonin (t-HT) immunoreactive and substance P immunoreactive (SPIR), remained the same as controls. Thus the production of new retinal TRIR cells is selectively up-regulated following ablation of previously differentiated cells of this type.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Hydroxydopamines / pharmacology
  • Larva
  • Neurons / cytology
  • Neurons / drug effects
  • Neurons / growth & development*
  • Oxidopamine
  • Rana pipiens / embryology*
  • Retina / innervation
  • Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase / metabolism*


  • Hydroxydopamines
  • Oxidopamine
  • Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase