Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Sexual Function Questionnaire (SFQ) into Brazilian Portuguese

Trends Psychiatry Psychother. Apr-Jun 2017;39(2):110-115. doi: 10.1590/2237-6089-2016-0089.


Introduction: Sexual dysfunction is common in patients with psychotic illness. This article describes the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Sexual Function Questionnaire (SFQ) into Brazilian Portuguese.

Methods: The translation and cross-cultural adaptation followed the guidelines for adapting self-report instruments proposed by the Task Force of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). Briefly, ISPOR steps include: preparation, forward translation, reconciliation, back-translation, back-translation review, harmonization, cognitive debriefing, review of cognitive debriefing and finalization, before proofreading and final version. The original authors authorized the translation and participated in the study.

Results: There was good agreement between translations and between the back-translation and the original English version of the SFQ. The final version was prepared with certificated evaluators in the original language and in Portuguese. Few changes were necessary to the new version in Portuguese.

Conclusion: The translated and adapted Brazilian Portuguese version of the SFQ is reliable and semantically equivalent to the original version. Studies on psychotropic-related sexual dysfunction may now test the validity of the instrument and can investigate sexual dysfunction in Portuguese-speaking patients.

MeSH terms

  • Brazil
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychotic Disorders / complications
  • Psychotic Disorders / diagnosis
  • Psychotic Disorders / drug therapy
  • Self Report*
  • Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological / complications
  • Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological / diagnosis*
  • Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological / complications
  • Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological / diagnosis*
  • Translating