Thyroid nodule update on diagnosis and management

Clin Diabetes Endocrinol. 2016 Oct 3:2:17. doi: 10.1186/s40842-016-0035-7. eCollection 2016.


Thyroid nodules are common. The clinical importance of thyroid nodules is related to excluding malignancy (4.0 to 6.5% of all thyroid nodules), evaluate their functional status and assess for the presence of pressure symptoms. Incidental thyroid nodules are being diagnosed with increasing frequency in the recent years with the use of newer and highly sensitive imaging techniques. The high prevalence of thyroid nodules necessitates that the clinicians use evidence-based approaches for their assessment and management. New molecular tests have been developed to help with evaluation of malignancy in thyroid nodules. This review addresses advances in thyroid nodule evaluation, and their management considering the current guidelines and supporting evidence.

Keywords: Benign; FNA; Malignant; Management; Molecular markers; Thyroid; Thyroid nodules; Ultrasonography.

Publication types

  • Review