Intraperitoneal pyrophosphate treatment reduces renal calcifications in Npt2a null mice

PLoS One. 2017 Jul 13;12(7):e0180098. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180098. eCollection 2017.


Mutations in the proximal tubular sodium-dependent phosphate co-transporters NPT2a and NPT2c have been reported in patients with renal stone disease and nephrocalcinosis, however the relative contribution of genotype, dietary calcium and phosphate, and modifiers of mineralization such as pyrophosphate (PPi) to the formation of renal mineral deposits is unclear. In the present study, we used Npt2a-/- mice to model the renal calcifications observed in these disorders. We observed elevated urinary excretion of PPi in Npt2a-/- mice when compared to WT mice. Presence of two hypomorphic Extracellular nucleotide pyrophosphatase phosphodiesterase 1 (Enpp1asj/asj) alleles decreased urine PPi and worsened renal calcifications in Npt2a-/- mice. These studies suggest that PPi is a thus far unrecognized factor protecting Npt2a-/- mice from the development of renal mineral deposits. Consistent with this conclusion, we next showed that renal calcifications in these mice can be reduced by intraperitoneal administration of sodium pyrophosphate. If confirmed in humans, urine PPi could therefore be of interest for developing new strategies to prevent the nephrocalcinosis and nephrolithiasis seen in phosphaturic disorders.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diphosphates / administration & dosage*
  • Diphosphates / therapeutic use
  • Diphosphates / urine*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Injections, Intraperitoneal
  • Kidney Calculi / drug therapy*
  • Kidney Calculi / genetics
  • Kidney Calculi / urine
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mutation
  • Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases / genetics*
  • Pyrophosphatases / genetics*
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins, Type IIa / genetics*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Diphosphates
  • Slc34a1 protein, mouse
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins, Type IIa
  • diphosphoric acid
  • Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases
  • ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase phosphodiesterase 1
  • Pyrophosphatases
  • sodium pyrophosphate