Magnetic Resonance Neurography of the Pelvic Nerves

Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2017 Jun;38(3):269-278. doi: 10.1053/j.sult.2016.11.006. Epub 2016 Nov 26.


Chronic pelvic pain syndrome is commonly caused by nerve injury, inflammation, or entrapment. Owing to the complex anatomy and branching patterns of pelvic nerves, pelvic neuropathies are often difficult to illustrate and diagnose. High-resolution 3-T magnetic resonance neurography is a promising technique for the evaluation of peripheral neuropathy. In this article, the authors discuss the normal anatomy of major pelvic nerves, technical considerations of high-resolution imaging, and normal and abnormal imaging appearances with relevant case examples.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Pain / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Pelvic Pain / physiopathology*
  • Pelvis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Pelvis / innervation*
  • Pelvis / physiopathology
  • Peripheral Nervous System Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Peripheral Nervous System Diseases / physiopathology*