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Randomized Controlled Trial
. 2017 Oct;24(5):1047-1054.
doi: 10.1016/j.knee.2017.06.007. Epub 2017 Jul 10.

Tunnel Widening After ACL Reconstruction With Aperture Screw Fixation or All-Inside Reconstruction With Suspensory Cortical Button Fixation: Volumetric Measurements on CT and MRI Scans

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Randomized Controlled Trial

Tunnel Widening After ACL Reconstruction With Aperture Screw Fixation or All-Inside Reconstruction With Suspensory Cortical Button Fixation: Volumetric Measurements on CT and MRI Scans

Raul Mayr et al. Knee. .

Abstract

Background: Tunnel widening after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is influenced by the surgical and fixation techniques used. Computed tomography (CT) is the most accurate image modality for assessing tunnel widening, but magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) might also be reliable for tunnel volume measurements. In the present study tunnel widening after ACLR using biodegradable interference screw fixation was compared with all-inside ACLR using button fixation, with tunnel volume changes being measured on CT and MRI scans.

Study design: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 2.

Methods: Thirty-three patients were randomly assigned to hamstring ACLR using a biodegradable interference screw or all-inside cortical button fixation. CT and MRI scanning were done at the time of surgery and six months after. Tunnel volume changes were calculated and compared.

Results: On CT, femoral tunnel volumes changed from the postoperative state (100%) to 119.8% with screw fixation and 143.2% with button fixation (P=0.023). The changes in tibial tunnel volumes were not significant (113.9% vs. 117.7%). The changes in bone tunnel volume measured on MRI were comparable with those on CT only for tunnels with interference screws. Tibial tunnels with button fixation were significantly underestimated on MRI scanning (P=0.018).

Conclusions: All-inside ACLR using cortical button fixation results in increased femoral tunnel widening in comparison with ACLR with biodegradable interference screw fixation. MRI represents a reliable imaging modality for future studies investigating tunnel widening with interference screw fixation.

Keywords: ACL reconstruction; Anterior cruciate ligament; Fixation; Tunnel enlargement; Tunnel widening; Volume.

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