Arthroscopic Treatment of Capitellum Osteochondritis Dissecans With Micronized Allogeneic Cartilage Scaffold

Arthrosc Tech. 2017 Jun 19;6(3):e815-e820. doi: 10.1016/j.eats.2017.04.007. eCollection 2017 Jun.


Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum is a common disorder that causes pain and functional limitation in the adolescent elbow. Although conservative management is the first line of treatment, surgical intervention is usually recommended for patients with persistent mechanical symptoms, loose bodies, or unstable lesions. Elbow arthroscopy has become the gold standard to evaluate and treat symptomatic OCD lesions. Arthroscopic debridement and bone marrow stimulation have been shown to yield good short-term results. Unfortunately, long-term follow-up has shown less favorable outcomes, with degenerative changes frequently documented. Current marrow stimulation techniques promote the formation of fibrocartilage, which is known to be less durable than hyaline cartilage. We describe an arthroscopic technique of debridement and drilling supplemented with a micronized allogeneic cartilage scaffold to address OCD lesions of the capitellum in an effort to promote hyaline cartilage formation.