Up-regulation of LFA-1 allows liver-resident memory T cells to patrol and remain in the hepatic sinusoids

Sci Immunol. 2017 Mar;2(9):eaaj1996. doi: 10.1126/sciimmunol.aaj1996. Epub 2017 Mar 17.


Liver-resident CD8+ T cells are highly motile cells that patrol the vasculature and provide protection against liver pathogens. A key question is: how can these liver CD8+ T cells be simultaneously present in the circulation and tissue-resident? Because liver-resident T cells do not express CD103 - a key integrin for T cell residence in epithelial tissues - we investigated other candidate adhesion molecules. Using intra-vital imaging we found that CD8+ T cell patrolling in the hepatic sinusoids is dependent upon LFA-1-ICAM-1 interactions. Interestingly, liver-resident CD8+ T cells up-regulate LFA-1 compared to effector-memory cells, presumably to facilitate this behavior. Finally, we found that LFA-1 deficient CD8+ T cells failed to form substantial liver-resident memory populations following Plasmodium or LCMV immunization. Collectively, our results demonstrate that it is adhesion through LFA-1 that allows liver-resident memory CD8+ T cells to patrol and remain in the hepatic sinusoids.