Neonatal Aortic Arch Reconstruction With Direct Splanchnic Perfusion Avoids Deep Hypothermia

Ann Thorac Surg. 2017 Dec;104(6):2054-2063. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2017.04.037. Epub 2017 Jul 12.


Background: Neonatal aortic arch reconstruction, typically performed with deep hypothermia and selective cerebral perfusion, leaves splanchnic organ protection dependent on hypothermia alone. A simplified method of direct in-field descending aortic perfusion during neonatal arch reconstruction permits the avoidance of deep hypothermia. We hypothesize that direct splanchnic perfusion at mild hypothermia provides improved or equivalent safety compared with deep hypothermia and may contribute to postoperative extracardiac organ recovery.

Methods: Included were 138 biventricular patients aged younger than 90 days undergoing aortic arch reconstruction with cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients were grouped according to perfusion method A (selective cerebral perfusion with deep hyperthermia at 18° to 20°C) or method B (selective cerebral perfusion and splanchnic perfusion at 30° to 32°C). Patient characteristics and perioperative clinical and serologic data were analyzed. Significance was assigned for p of less than 0.05.

Results: Of the 138 survivors, 63 underwent method A and 75 underwent method B. The median age at operation was 8.5 days (range, 6 to 15 days), and median weight was 3.2 kg (range, 2.8 to 3.73 kg), with no significant differences between groups. Cardiopulmonary bypass times were comparable between the two perfusion methods (p = 0.255) as were the ascending aortic cross-clamp times (p = 0.737). The postoperative glomerular filtration rate was significantly different between our groups (p = 0.028 to 0.044), with method B achieving a higher glomerular filtration rate. No significant differences were seen in ventilator time, postoperative length of stay, fractional increase of postoperative serum creatinine over preoperative serum creatinine, and postoperative lactate.

Conclusions: A simplified method of direct splanchnic perfusion during neonatal aortic arch reconstruction avoids the use of deep hypothermia and provides renal protection at least as effective as deep hypothermia.

MeSH terms

  • Aorta, Thoracic / abnormalities
  • Aorta, Thoracic / surgery*
  • Circulatory Arrest, Deep Hypothermia Induced / methods*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Perfusion / methods*
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / methods*
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control
  • Postoperative Period
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Splanchnic Circulation*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vascular Malformations / surgery*
  • Vascular Surgical Procedures / methods*