Bevacizumab (BEV) is a common treatment for recurrent glioblastoma (GBM). After progression on BEV, there is no consensus on subsequent therapy, as multiple chemotherapy trials have failed to demonstrate discernible activity for salvage. A previous review (995 patients) estimated a progression free survival (PFS) on BEV of 4.2months (SD±2.1) with an overall survival (OS) after progression on BEV at 3.8months (SD±1). We endeavored to establish a more rigorous historical control, both as a benchmark for efficacy, and a prognostic tool for clinical practice. A comprehensive literature review was performed utilizing PubMed and societal presentation abstracts. A total 2388 patients from 53 arms of 42 studies were analyzed in three groups: 1) thirty-two studies in which survival post-BEV was determined by subtracting PFS from OS (2045 patients): PFS on BEV=4.38months (95% CI 4.09-4.68); OS post-BEV=3.36months (95% CI 3.12-3.66); 2) two studies (94 patients) in which OS post-BEV is reported: OS=3.26 (95% CI 2.39-4.42); 3) eight studies of salvage therapy after progression on BEV (249 patients): of OS post-BEV=4.46months (95% CI 3.68-5.54). These estimates provide a firm historical control for PFS on BEV, as well as OS after disease progression on BEV therapy.
Keywords: Bevacizumab; Overall survival; Recurrent glioblastoma.
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