Advances in Cardiovascular Health in Women over the Past Decade: Guideline Recommendations for Practice

J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2018 Feb;27(2):128-139. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2016.6316. Epub 2017 Jul 17.


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the number one cause of death in women. It is estimated that 44 million women in the United States are either living with or at risk for heart disease. This article highlights the recent significant progress made in improving care, clinical decision-making, and policy implications for women with CVD. We provide our perspective supported by evidence-based advances in cardiovascular research and clinical care guidelines in seven areas: (1) primary CVD prevention and community heart care, (2) secondary prevention of CVD, (3) stroke, (4) heart failure and cardiomyopathies, (5) ischemia with nonobstructive coronary artery disease, (6) spontaneous coronary artery dissection, and (7) arrhythmias and device therapies. Advances in these fields have improved the lives of women living with and at risk for heart disease. With increase awareness, partnership with national organizations, sex-specific research, and changes in policy, the morbidity and mortality of CVD in women can be further reduced.

Keywords: arrhythmias; cardiovascular health; coronary artery disease; health disparity; heart failure; stroke.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Evidence-Based Practice / methods*
  • Evidence-Based Practice / trends
  • Female
  • Health Status Disparities
  • Healthcare Disparities
  • Humans
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Primary Prevention* / trends
  • Secondary Prevention* / trends