Light triggers PILS-dependent reduction in nuclear auxin signalling for growth transition

Nat Plants. 2017 Jul 17:3:17105. doi: 10.1038/nplants.2017.105.


The phytohormone auxin induces or represses growth depending on its concentration and the underlying tissue type. However, it remains unknown how auxin signalling is modulated to allow tissues transiting between repression and promotion of growth. Here, we used apical hook development as a model for growth transitions in plants. A PIN-FORMED (PIN)-dependent intercellular auxin transport module defines an auxin maximum that is causal for growth repression during the formation of the apical hook. Our data illustrate that growth transition for apical hook opening is largely independent of this PIN module, but requires the PIN-LIKES (PILS) putative auxin carriers at the endoplasmic reticulum. PILS proteins reduce nuclear auxin signalling in the apical hook, leading to the de-repression of growth and the onset of hook opening. We also show that the phytochrome (phy) B-reliant light-signalling pathway directly regulates PILS gene activity, thereby enabling light perception to repress nuclear auxin signalling and to control growth. We propose a novel mechanism, in which PILS proteins allow external signals to alter tissue sensitivity to auxin, defining differential growth rates.

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / growth & development
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism*
  • Arabidopsis / radiation effects*
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / physiology*
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • Cell Nucleus / radiation effects
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Indoleacetic Acids / metabolism*
  • Light*
  • Phytochrome B / metabolism
  • Plant Growth Regulators / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction / radiation effects*


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Indoleacetic Acids
  • PHYB protein, Arabidopsis
  • Plant Growth Regulators
  • Phytochrome B