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Review
. 2017 Aug 3;9(30):10529-10543.
doi: 10.1039/c7nr02587d.

Graphitic Nanocapsules: Design, Synthesis and Bioanalytical Applications

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Review

Graphitic Nanocapsules: Design, Synthesis and Bioanalytical Applications

Ding Ding et al. Nanoscale. .

Abstract

Graphitic nanocapsules are emerging nanomaterials which are gaining popularity along with the development of carbon nanomaterials. Their unique physical and chemical properties, as well as good biocompatibility, make them desirable agents for biomedical and bioanalytical applications. Through rational design, integrating graphitic nanocapsules with other materials provides them with additional properties which make them versatile nanoplatforms for bioanalysis. In this feature article, we present the use and performance of graphitic nanocapsules in a variety of bioanalytical applications. Based on their chemical properties, the specific merits and limitations of magnetic, hollow, and noble metal encapsulated graphitic nanocapsules are discussed. Detection, multi-modal imaging, and therapeutic applications are included. Future directions and potential solutions for further biomedical applications are also suggested.

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