Point-of-care ocular sonography is frequently used in the emergency department to evaluate patients with vision disorders. We describe a case series of 3 patients who ultimately had a diagnosis of asteroid hyalosis, a lesser-known condition that on point-of-care sonography may be mistaken for vitreous hemorrhage. Asteroid hyalosis is considered a benign degenerative condition. In contrast, vitreous hemorrhage may be an ocular emergency that warrants an urgent ophthalmologic consultation if there is an underlying retinal tear or detachment. Although similar in appearance on sonography, recognition of the subtle pathognomonic sonographic features along with their clinical presentations can differentiate these diseases, with vastly different management strategies and dispositions.
Keywords: asteroid hyalosis; emergency department; emergency medicine; ocular; ophthalmology; point-of-care sonography; vitreous hemorrhage.
© 2017 by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.