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Autoimmune Thyroid Disease


Autoimmune Thyroid Disease

G F Bottazzo et al. Annu Rev Med.


The concept of thyroid autoimmune disease now includes the following clinical entities: 1 degree thyrotoxicosis and goitrous thyroiditis (Hashimoto) with their variants, and 1 degree myxedema (atrophic thyroiditis); some cases of sporadic nontoxic goiters; most cases of neonatal hyperthyroidism; and a proportion of congenital athyreotic cretinism. Endocrine exophthalmos, though clinically associated with Graves' disease, is now considered a separate immunological entity.

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