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Review
, 22 (5), 284-289

Prenatal and Postnatal Administration of Prebiotics and Probiotics

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Review

Prenatal and Postnatal Administration of Prebiotics and Probiotics

Kristin Sohn et al. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med.

Abstract

Colonization of the neonatal gut by beneficial bacteria is important for the establishment and maintenance of the mucosal barrier, thus protecting the neonate from enteric pathogens and local and systemic inflammation. The neonatal microbiome is influenced by infant diet, environment, and the maternal microbiome. Dysbiosis in pregnancy increases the risk of pre-eclampsia, diabetes, infection, preterm labor, and later childhood atopy. Dysbiosis of the neonatal gut plays an important role in colic in the term infant, in the disease processes which plague preterm infants, including necrotizing enterocolitis and sepsis, and in the long-term outcomes of neonates. Administration of enteral prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics during pregnancy, lactation, and postnatal life appears to be a safe and feasible method to alter the maternal and neonatal microbiome, thus improving pregnancy and neonatal outcomes.

Keywords: Allergic rhinitis; Atopic dermatitis; Diabetes mellitus; Metabolic syndrome; Microbiota; Necrotizing enterocolitis; Pregnancy; Prematurity.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of interest statement

None declared.

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