Introduction: In this current perspective we analyzed the role of Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) in sexual function and particularly in erectile dysfunction (ED), according to the latest scientific evidence.
Material and methods: We conducted a systematic search of relevant full-length papers identified during the time period from 1 January 2010 to the present.
Results: Published studies showed that adherence to a MedDiet contributes to preventing ED through an improved lipid and glucose metabolism, increased antioxidant defenses, and increased arginine levels which could raise nitric oxide activity.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the encouragement of a healthy lifestyle, such as MedDiet promotion, could be an attractive dietary approach to prevent ED and preserve sexual function.
Keywords: Mediterranean diet; erectile dysfunction; nitric oxide; sexual function.